27 April 2023

Come and Discover the Charm of Japan's Izakaya Culture

With the recent relaxation of regulations under COVID-19, many people might be eager to travel abroad again. According to data released by the Japan National Tourism Organization (JNTO), the number of foreign visitors to Japan has increased for two consecutive months in December 2022 and January 2023.

Food-related tourist attractions such as strolls through Asakusa, seafood restaurants at Toyosu Market, and food shopping floors in department stores in Ginza have recently seen a large number of foreign tourists and one cannot help but notice the high level of interest in Japan's dining culture. Discovering the food culture of a foreign country can surely add an extra layer of intrigue and delight to your travels.

But with so much to choose from, dining in Japan can be an overwhelming experience at times. Among the long list of choices, one type of eatery stands out and is favored by those seeking something unique: the "Izakaya (Japanese-style pubs)."

In this article, we will introduce Japan's izakaya culture and tips on how to enjoy an izakaya to those unfamiliar with its charm and interested in visiting one someday.


  • The Characteristics of Izakaya
  • The History of Izakaya
  • Order Like a Local 
  • 3 Recommended Izakaya Alleys in Tokyo
  • Conclusion

The Characteristics of Izakaya

An izakaya can be simply described as a casual Japanese restaurant where you can enjoy both traditional Japanese food and alcoholic beverages and has long been prevalent in Japan. For centuries, they have served as ideal gathering places for people of all ages, from the young to the elderly. And although considered a commonplace eatery in Japan, an izakaya seems to bring surprise and delight to foreign visitors. What is it about an izakaya that makes it unique and different from other eating establishments in Japan?

There are many places in foreign countries where you can drink alcohol, such as pubs and taverns. However, it is said that there is usually a clear distinction between places where you can eat and drink. And places where people enjoy drinking typically only serve light snacks instead of full meals. Tapas bars are well-known in Spain, but here, too, small dishes are served. Therefore, when many foreigners visit an izakaya for the first time, they are amazed by the vast variety of choices of food and drinks. 

In addition, the atmosphere of an izakaya is casual and the prices are reasonable. Many of the dishes on the menu are easy to share, making it an ideal place for casual get-togethers to socialize with close friends, as well as for larger groups. Many people use the izakaya as a venue for New Year's parties, year-end parties, and welcome or farewell parties.

An interesting sight you may notice when exploring Japan's izakaya culture is how some people "izakaya-hop." The Japanese term for bar-hopping is "Hashigo-zake" which literally translates to "drink ladder," comparing each "hop" to the next izakaya to a rung on a ladder. The number of people in the group gradually shrinks in size as they travel from one izakaya to the next, allowing for conversations to become more intimate. For some, a night out "hopping" from one izakaya to another doesn't stop until sunrise!

One of the rarest customs for those from abroad is the "Nomihodai" (all-you-can-drink) system you may encounter at an izakaya. There are many countries that offer "all-you-can-eat" meals, but it is hard to find a country that offers an "all-you-can-drink" menu. In fact, in the UK all-you-can-drink venues can be fined, while France has made it illegal. In Japan, if you order from the all-you-can-drink menu, you can drink as much as you like for 90 to 120 minutes. The average izakaya budget, including food and drinks, is around from 3,000 to 4,000 yen. By paying an extra cost of about 1,000 to 1,500 yen, you can add an all-you-can-drink option to your meal.

The History of Izakaya

Photo by Japan Sake and Shochu Makers Association

Izakaya, renowned for its distinctive cuisine culture, is said to have originated in the Edo period (c. 1603-1867). In the early Edo period, it was customary to buy alcohol and drink at home, but from the mid-Edo period, sake stores began to offer light snacks along with alcohol. As a result, more and more individuals started to linger in these stores and sip alcohol, eventually leading to the creation of the term "izakaya," which is written by combining three Chinese characters - "i" (to remain), "sake" (alcohol), and "ya" (store).

In the aftermath of the war, black markets emerged from the charred remains. This brought with it an abundance of inexpensive drinking establishments such as food stalls and standing bars. As Japan's economy began to boom in the mid-1950s, more and more bars were popping up across the country. Office workers started frequenting these bars after work as a way to de-stress. Izakaya chains grew in popularity and by the 1980s, the number of people visiting izakaya establishments increased dramatically with further economic growth. Ever since, izakaya has maintained its popularity as a casual, everyday stopover.

Order like a Local 

Now that you know a little about what an izakaya is, let's move on to how to order at an izakaya.

When eating at an izakaya, there's no need to order all your food and drinks from the start. First, order drinks and appetizers, and then order the next dish or drink while looking at the menu at your own pace. At an izakaya, the first order of drinks is often beer. The expression "Toriaezu beer! (I'll have a beer to start)" has spread throughout Japan as a common phrase, useful for a quick toast at an izakaya. But don't worry. There is a wide selection of alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages, so don't hesitate to order what you like. It is worth remembering that in Japan, many izakayas serve a small appetizer called an "Otoshi." This is typically added to your tab as a cover charge and served with the first drink.

If you are not sure what to order, choose a variety of standard items from the menu. There are approximately eight sections on the menu and here are some of the popular options that could serve as a guide.

◎Appetizers: "Edamame" (Green soybeans), Deep-fried Tofu, French Fries, Chilled Tofu, Salted Cabbage
◎Salads: Potato Salad, Daikon Radish Salad, Caesar Salad
◎Drinks: Beer, Shochu (Japanese distilled spirit), Sour (cocktails with Shochu), Whisky and Soda, Fruit Wine, Non-Alcoholic Drinks
◎Side Dishes: Japanese Rolled Omelette, Tempura, Stewed Meat
◎Fish: Assorted Sashimi, Atka Mackerel, Fried Horse Mackerel
◎Meat: Fried Chicken, Grilled Chicken Skewers, Deep-fried skewers, Deep-fried Ham Cutlet, Chicken Wings
◎Staple menu: "Ochazuke" (rice with green tea), "Yaki-Onigiri" (grilled rice Ball), Rice Porridge
◎Dessert: Ice Cream, Sorbet, Almond Jelly, Mango Pudding

3 Recommended Izakaya Alleys in Tokyo

Exploring Tokyo's unique izakaya culture is an unforgettable experience. From historic, individually-owned cozy izakayas to large chain establishments, a range of these izakayas can be found concentrated in certain areas of Tokyo. These settings offer a charming retro atmosphere with plenty of opportunity for socializing and izakaya-hopping between places.

1) The Nonbei Yokocho/Shibuya
After the end of the war, an array of street vendors gathered to create bustling food and drink alleys in this area from around 1950. Currently, about 40 small izakayas are crammed into the area, and some families have been going there for three generations. Amongst them stands a yakitori shop with a secret sauce recipe passed down for six decades. Countless visitors have experienced its atmosphere and allure.

2)Golden Gai/Shinjuku
Kabukicho located in Shinjuku is host to an extraordinary location where around 300 small drinking vendors have congregated. This special spot has been featured in the "Michelin Green Guide Japan" and is a well-liked destination for foreign tourists. There are many unique and friendly shop owners, so why not try enjoying izakaya-hopping?

3)Hoppy Street/Asakusa
This is a side street about 80m (87yd) long near Asakusa Temple, also known as "Stewed Street." Many of the izakayas are open during the daytime and some provide outdoor seating for customers to enjoy delicious food and drinks. Many visitors come to savor Sho-chan's melty beef tendon stew.

Exploring an izakaya is one of the great ways to experience the unique flavors of Japan's food culture. Izakaya is a place where locals go to unwind and socialize, drink beer and indulge in delicious menus. If you are looking for an ideal spot to savor Japanese cuisine over some drinks in a relaxed and cheerful environment, dive into an izakaya during your stay in Japan and open up the possibility of discovering a completely new world.